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541360 - Geophysical Surveys

541380 - Testing Laboratories

*541715 - Research and Development in the Physical, Engineering, and Life Sciences

541620 - Environmental Consulting Services

541690 - Other Scientific & Technical Consulting Services.

*Small business NAICS code

DUNS and CAGE Codes

DUNS - 824870786

CAGE - 1FC98

Approved U.S. General Services Administration (GSA) contractor

No. GS-10F-0319M providing Environmental Planning Services and Documentation(SIN 899-1) and GIS services (SIN 899-7).

Using sound science and innovative technology, Normandeau Associates, Inc. has earned a reputation for excellence in understanding and solving complex natural resource issues. As a science-based environmental consulting firm with over 40 years of experience providing federal, state and local government related services, Normandeau stands out for its ability to guide clients to sound, defensible and reasonable science-based decisions for project and regulatory compliance. Normandeau staff provides a depth of knowledge and experience in disciplines ranging from ecological assessments and permitting to stakeholder interviews and facilitation, and conducts a wide range of environmental services for many federal agencies from baseline studies to complex NEPA assessments.

Representative Services
Provided Nationwide

NEPA Documentation, Permitting, and Studies

  • Agency Scoping, Consultation, and Coordination
  • Environmental Assessments (EAs)
  • Environmental Impact Statements (EISs)
  • Environmental Impact Analysis Process (EIAP) Planning
  • Endangered Species Habitat Evaluation
  • Baseline Analysis
  • Site Contamination Assessment
  • Geological/Hydrogeological Investigation
  • Aquatic and Terrestrial Ecology Assessment
  • Wetland Delineation and Functional Analysis
  • Impact Assessments, Mitigation Planning and Design
  • Alternatives Evaluation
  • Expert Testimony
  • Public Involvement

Marine Services

  • Ecological management; coastal and marine habitat restoration planning and design
  • Coastal wetland and watershed studies
  • Port planning, dredging and disposal analysis and permitting
  • ATOM™ system for remote marine bird, bat monitoring using acoustic, thermographic, ultrasound sensors
  • Marine habitat, fisheries assessments and biological surveys (benthic/shellfish assessments, wetlands/SAV's, threatened/endangered species, fisheries surveys)
  • High definition digital aerial wildlife surveys and analysis onshore and off shore
  • Marine mammal habitat analysis
  • Natural resource interpretation of aerial photographs
  • Site conservation planning and preservation design
  • Alternatives evaluation
  • Biological laboratory capabilities including identification of benthic and planktonic organisms

Protected Species Services and Environmental Restoration

  • Terrestrial Wildlife Ecology
  • Wildlife Management and Protection
  • Human-Wildlife Issues (Coexisting with Wildlife)
  • Clean Water Act 316(a) and 316(b)
  • Hydroacoustic Remote Sensing
  • Instream Flow Assessments
  • Sustainable Practices
  • Communications and Facilitation
Innovative Technology

  • Remote Bat Acoustic Technology (ReBAT™) system for data collecting and monitoring
  • Remote Condor Observation Network (ReCON™) early detection system
  • Acoustic Thermographic Offshore Monitoring (ATOM™) system for wildlife surveys
  • Hi-Z Turb’N Tag® technology for fish survival studies
  • Aerial High Resolution Imaging

Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM)

Database Development to Assess Relative Vulnerability of Migratory Bird Species to Offshore Renewable Energy Projects on the Atlantic OCS
Normandeau Associates conducted a literature review and developed an electronic library for the review of ocean energy projects such as offshore wind, LNG, undersea transmission and other offshore projects. The database provides BOEM a compilation of factors and indicators that contribute to a species' vulnerability to collision with wind turbines and/or displacement by the presence of a wind facility.

Literature Synthesis for the North and Central Atlantic Ocean
Normandeau Associates conducted a literature review and helped develop an electronic library of information relevant to the assessment of impacts from renewable energy projects, primarily wind power, on offshore biological resources from the US/Canada border to Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, including State and Federal marine waters within the US EEZ (Exclusive Economic Zone). The information gathered serves as a starting point for third-party Environmental Impact Statements prepared under the direction of BOEM.

BOEM Study of Electromagnetic Field (EMF) Effects on Marine Species (Elasmobranchs and Other Marine Species) from Undersea Transmission Cables on the US OCS
Normandeau Associates compiled and evaluated existing information on the effects of EMF on elasmobranchs (sharks and rays) and other marine species to support BOEM's review of offshore alternative energy development impacts. The project culminated in a comprehensive literature synthesis and information gap analysis that has been well received in the scientific community.

BOEM Pilot Study of Aerial High-Definition Surveys for Seabirds, Marine Mammals, and Sea Turtles, Atlantic OCS
Normandeau Associates conducted a pilot study of aerial high-definition surveys for seabirds, marine mammals, and sea turtles on the Atlantic OCS. Normandeau Associates developed and tested methods for conducting aerial high-definition digital image surveys of birds, marine mammals, and sea turtles in the offshore environment using efficient state-of-the-art survey techniques that provided high quality, reproducible data. Because of the pilot study, a protocol was developed for the U.S. government to conduct large-scale offshore wildlife surveys of the Atlantic OCS from the Maine-Canada border to the southern end of Florida.

Acoustic Monitoring of Temporal and Spatial Abundance of Birds Near Continental Shelf Structures
Normandeau Associates field tested and operated acoustic thermographic detectors on offshore structures to detect bird and bat species for wildlife risk assessment and monitoring, as associated specifically with offshore wind facility permitting. In addition to audible sound frequencies for birds, the device, which is operated remotely in the offshore environment, also detects ultrasound for bat vocalizations, and contains flight altitude estimators, meteorological sensors. The project concluded with a wildlife risk assessment based on the deployment of, and data gathering by, the remote detection device in situ on the Atlantic OCS.

Potential for Interactions Between Endangered and Candidate Bird Species with Wind Facility Operations on the Atlantic OCS
Normandeau Associates conducted a three-year study to assess potential interactions of the Piping Plover (Charadrius melodus), Roseate Tern (Sterna dougallii), and Red Knot (Caidris canutus) with wind facilities anticipated for development on the Atlantic Outer Continental Shelf (OCS). The study led to the development of regulations, guidelines, and proposed assessment methodologies for offshore wind development in the U.S. by BOEM. Normandeau Associates used several new innovative devices that included remote acoustic/thermographic monitoring devices and light-sensitive geolocators that tracked red knot migration and monitored flying tern behavior within and around the wind turbine airspace.

BOEM Environmental Sensitivity, Nationwide
Normandeau Associates assisted in the development of a new Relative Environmental Sensitivity Index for use in BOEM planning activities. Extensive review was conducted of existing methods to determine whether they could be used or adapted for BOEM use. No one method met all of the necessary criteria, so a "purpose built model" was developed. The model used the original Environmental Sensitivity Index, along with computations of a species' or habitat's vulnerability and resilience to different BOEM activities in each planning area. This method enabled BOEM to compare OCS planning areas in terms of their sensitivity to the various BOEM-regulated activities.

BOEM Effects of Underwater Noise from the Energy Industry on Fish, Fisheries, and Shellfish, Atlantic and Arctic
Normandeau Associates created a "state of the science" document on underwater noise effects on fish, commercial and recreational fisheries, and invertebrates. Normandeau Associates summarized current literature, and convened a workshop of experts to discuss data gaps and recommended means for filling them. Normandeau Associates combined the results of the workshop discussions with the literature review into a summary document that identified the remaining research questions with recommended approaches for closing the gaps in knowledge.

BOEM Environmental Assessment for Massachusetts Wind Energy Area Leasing, Massachusetts Outer Continental Shelf
In preparation for issuing commercial wind development leases off the coast of Massachusetts, BOEM was required to conduct an analysis under NEPA to assess the site characterization and site assessment activities. Normandeau Associates prepared sections of an Environmental Assessment covering the acoustic environment, birds and bats, marine mammals, sea turtles, threatened and endangered species, wetlands, and commercial and recreational fisheries that could be affected in the project area. Normandeau Associates also assisted in the preparation of a Biological Assessment to address the potential effects on species (including marine mammals, sea turtles, fish, and birds) that are protected, or candidates for protection, under the Endangered Species Act.

Habitat Value of Shoal, Ridge and Troughs
Normandeau Associates developed a synthesis of relevant literature on shoal, ridge, and trough habitats of the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico outer continental shelf. The synthesis included geological and physical features, benthic community dynamics, microhabitat conditions, and role as finfish habitat. Together with a list of issues developed in conjunction with various stakeholders, the literature synthesis provided the focus point for an additional BOEM workshop developed and managed by Normandeau Associates. Workshop goals included the identification of important information that BOEM needed to meet regulatory requirements and mission goals.

Long Island Offshore Wind Park EIS
Normandeau Associates provided preliminary environmental assessments of potential impacts from the development of the Long Island-New York City Offshore Wind Project to avian and marine natural resources. The proposed project location is in the Atlantic Ocean, approximately 13 nautical miles southeast of Rockaway Peninsula, Long Island. In 2011, an offshore land lease application was filed with the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) and is currently in the federal acquisition process.

Bureau of Reclamation

Entrainment Prevention for the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation Lower Colorado Region
Lower Colorado River, Arizona

Normandeau Associates has worked with the Bureau of Reclamation, Lower Colorado Region close to a decade, evaluating potential screening technologies to significantly reduce or eliminate passage of non-native fishes into protected backwater habitat. These backwaters have been established by Reclamation as a part of the Lower Colorado River Multi-Species Conservation Program for native fishes listed under the Endangered Species Act (ESA). The primary challenge of excluding nonnative fish from designated habitat is developing a screen technology that will exclude all life-stages (including eggs and larvae) of nonnative fish while passing an adequate volume of water from the main river channel to balance summertime evaporative losses. Adding to this challenge, the screen technology also must be robust to endure harsh environmental conditions and successfully function in remote locations without routine maintenance. Normandeau Associates evaluated possible screening technologies that would meet the demanding criteria for maintaining predator-free backwaters. Normandeau Associates conducted a 2-year evaluation of wedge-wire technology at Beal Lake, a naturally occurring backwater of the LCR, on the Havasu National Wildlife Refuge in Arizona. This location was optimal for testing because of its limited access and highly eutrophic water conditions. Normandeau Associates also monitored water surface elevations on either side of the screen system. Due to successful results, similar screens were installed at the Imperial National Wildlife Refuge.

Department of Energy (DOE)

Development of Habitat-Based Wind-Wildlife Risk Tool w/Application to the Upper Great Plains Region: Collisions and Habitat Displacement
Normandeau Associates developed a spatial, species-specific (avian and bat) collision risk model for wind resource areas in the central United States. Wildlife managers, government agencies, and wind energy developers can use this tool to conduct large-scale preconstruction studies and assist with federal and state regulatory compliance. Normandeau created and tested this empirical collision risk model during a two-and-a-half year project funded by the U.S. Department of Energy. Potentially risky behaviors (e.g., migratory or mating display flights) are factored into the model, creating a spatiotemporal prediction of when and where particular species would be most at risk from collision. The study examined landscape-level influences using a hierarchical spatial model combined with existing datasets and life history knowledge for six bird and three bat species (Horned Lark, Red-eyed Vireo, Mallard, American Avocet, Golden Eagle, Whooping Crane, eastern red bat, hoary bat, and silver-haired bat) in the Upper Great Plains region.

Department of Homeland Security

Northern Border Programmatic EIS
The US Customs and Border Protection (CBP), a component of the Department of Homeland Security, is charged with the dual mission of securing United States borders while facilitating travel and international trade. CBP needed to evaluate system-wide changes in operations and facilities for control of its 4,000 mile northern border, extending from Maine to Washington State. Normandeau Associates, as part of a multi-disciplinary team, helped prepare the programmatic EIS that examined environmental impacts to a variety of operations, facilities, and technology alternatives to improving border control. Normandeau Associates evaluated baseline conditions in natural resources located along the northern border of New England and New York. Environmental impacts of the proposed alternatives, including a combination of facilities, surveillance and communications, and infrastructure alternatives, were evaluated. The Final PEIS and ROD have been published, forming the foundation for future individual projects.

Environmental Protection Agency EPA)

NEPA Energy Training for EPA Region 4
Atlanta, Georgia

Normandeau Associates provided assistance and support to EPA Region 4 in an effort to enhance the environmental review process for energy projects subject to the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). Based in Atlanta, EPA Region 4 covers the southeastern United States, including the states of North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, and Kentucky. As a part of the project team, Normandeau Associates helped develop energy project resource materials to assist and support practitioners with the technical review of Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) and Environmental Assessment (EA) documents related to new energy projects in the eight-state region. The materials included an overview of energy production sectors, a description of various alternative technologies, and information about relevant alternatives, potential impacts, and mitigation. Natural gas, coal, biomass, hydropower, geothermal, solar, and wind were among the sectors covered. The team presented the materials in an interactive two-day training course to regional staff involved in the review of environmental energy projects. The training also included discussion of several case studies.

Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS) Johnstown Landfill Superfund Site
Johnstown, New York

Normandeau Associates completed an RI/FS for a 60-acre landfill, which is on the EPA National Priority List of Superfund Sites due to its alleged contamination of private and municipal ground water supplies with tannery and industrial wastes and sludges. The RI/FS involved the collection, analysis, and evaluation of extensive surface water, ground water, soil, and air quality samples. Tasks performed included geophysical exploration, monitoring well design and installation, soil gas investigations, air quality monitoring, natural resources damage assessments, landfill limit delineation, and preliminary design of interim remedial measures including drainage improvements, impermeable liners, gas venting, and erosion control measures, and pump and treat remedial alternatives and overall project coordination between local, state, and federal agencies, subcontractors, and subconsultants.

Wetland Assessment and Mitigation Design at Coakley Landfill Superfund Site
North Hampton and Greenland, New Hampshire

Normandeau Associates provided ecological services for the Coakley Landfill remedial design. The remediation of the inactive 27 acre landfill included capping of the landfill, gas collection/abatement, groundwater extraction/treatment of VOCs/and recharge, excavation of sediments from a wetland for consolidation on the landfill and restoration of the wetland functions. During Pre-design Investigations, Normandeau Associates used soil borings and test pits to determine the areal extent and volume of sediments (which had eroded into the wetland from the original landfill cap) and other fill to be removed from the wetland. Baseline vegetation, wildlife, soil, and hydrologic data were gathered from adjacent wetland area. This information was used to develop sediment excavation and wetland restoration plans. Normandeau Associates is calculating the predicted post-construction hydrologic conditions for the wetland and developing grading plans, revegetation specifications, and long-term wetland monitoring plans for inclusion in the remedial design package.

Ecological Support for Superfund Site Remedial Design and Restoration
Woburn, Massachusetts

Normandeau Associates provided ecological support services for the pre-design and design work at the Industriplex Superfund site. From prior use, the landscape contained elevated concentrations of metals and organic substances in soil, groundwater, and surface water. Normandeau Associates provided expertise relative to the remediation and ecological restoration of the streams and wetlands on the site. Wildlife habitat was evaluated and Normandeau Associates conducted fishery and macroinvertebrate surveys of the wetlands, ponds, and streams. Normandeau Associates and the engineering firm developed the remediation and restoration design report, and we also developed a mitigation design that included restoration of a previously impacted wetland adjacent to a stream, revegetation of altered wetlands, wetland enhancement, buffer zone enhancement, and creation of a compensatory wetland. Normandeau Associates also provided ongoing wetland construction oversight services.

New Bedford Harbor Superfund Site PCB Dredging Assessment and Hot-Spot Water Quality Monitoring
New Bedford Harbor, MA

As part of an evaluation of potential disposal options, fisheries, benthic, and wetland scientists assessed the value of various wetland sites within the PCB-contaminated Acushnet River environs. In response to an agency requirement to monitor contaminate flux from the upper estuary during the Hot Spot dredging, Normandeau Associates developed a system for providing synoptic samples across the whole width of the water body so that contaminate loss could be determined. Normandeau Associates monitored water quality prior to and during following the dredging of the Hot Spots to evaluate whether dissolved or particulate contaminants were being transported from the upper estuary during dredging. Several stations were sampled synoptically and lab results were produced within 24 hours so that real-time evaluations of contaminant flux could be made. Following the Hot Spot dredging, Normandeau Associates collected sediment cores in the dredged areas to verify removal of the contaminated material.

New Bedford Harbor Habitat Characterization/Remediation Studies
New Bedford Harbor, Massachusetts

As part of a larger Superfund evaluation, Normandeau Associates evaluated the habitat value of various sites within the PCB-contaminated site in New Bedford Harbor, including the Acushnet River and the upper estuary. The "hot spot" portion of the New Bedford Harbor Superfund site consists of a five-acre area highly contaminated with PCBs. Approximately 10,000 cubic yards of material were dredged hydraulically and pumped to an onshore Confined Disposal Facility. During the dredging operation, Normandeau Associates conducted water sampling at strategic locations within the harbor and operated an on-site mobil laboratory for chemistry analysis to be performed by a contracted laboratory. This data was used to determine the rate of migration of PCBs and metals in dissolved and particulate form during the remediation process. Normandeau Associates also collected post-dredging sediment samples for PCB analysis to determine the effectiveness of removal of contaminated sediments from the hot spot areas.

Water Quality Monitoring for Superfund Cleanup
New Bedford Harbor, Massachusetts

The "hot spot" portion of the New Bedford Harbor Superfund site consists of a five-acre area highly contaminated with PCBs. Approximately 10,000 cubic yards of material were dredged hydraulically and pumped to an onshore incineration unit. During the dredging operation, Normandeau Associates conducted water sampling at strategic locations within the harbor. Normandeau Associates personnel also operated an on-site mobile laboratory for chemistry analyses; this data was used to determine the rate of migration of PCBs and metals in dissolved and particulate form during the remediation process.Normandeau Associates also collected post dredging sediment samples for PCB analysis to determine the effectiveness of removal of contaminated sediments from the hot spot areas.

Reynolds Metals Corporation (RMC) Superfund Site, Ecological Risk Assessment
St. Lawrence River near Massena, New York

As part of the Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study of the Superfund Site on the St. Lawrence River, Normandeau Associates prepared the ecological risk assessment. The site included an aluminum reduction plant and an associated landfill and settling pond. Given the site's proximity to several large rivers and wetland areas, the assessment centered on contaminants associated with aquatic habitats, though semi-aquatic and terrestrial habitats were evaluated. Normandeau scientists characterized habitats near the facility and identified species (fish, benthos, mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians) known or likely to use those habitats. Contaminants of concern were determined to be PCBs and PAHs. Appropriate indicator species were selected, and their actual/potential biotic exposure was assessed. Normandeau's ecotoxicologists were then able to characterize the risk that these contaminants may pose to biota.

Superfund Site Fish Study
Normandeau Associates conducted a study of the fish community in a lake adjacent to a landfill Superfund site. Normandeau Associates designed the study and developed the collection and analytical methodology used, in close contact with the U.S. EPA, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and the NJ Department of Environmental Protection and Energy. For later statistical comparison of an individual species, specimens from several species were collected and each was filleted separately using strict decontamination procedures. Fish tissue was analyzed for a target haloether compound.

Environmental Pathways and Human Pathways Analyses
Various Superfund Sites

The Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act (SARA) required the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Control (ATSDR) to evaluate public health consequences of about 950 Superfund sites in just over two years. Normandeau Associates assisted the Pennsylvania Department of Health in preparing summary reports for ATSDR. Normandeau Associates was specifically charged with reviewing remedial investigations, feasibility studies, and other available information and preparing concise assessments of contaminant transport and fate and contaminant pathways to humans. Normandeau Associates reviewed and prepared reports for ten (10) Superfund sites.

Publicker Superfund Site
Aquatic Resources Study

Normandeau Associates performed seasonal surveys of the aquatic biota adjacent to a "Superfund" site on the Delaware River, Philadelphia waterfront in support of a development plan to convert the existing abandoned Publicker Industries site into a commercial containerized freight handling facility. Normandeau Associates negotiated the study plan with the regulatory agencies, coordinated through the Corps of Engineers-Regulatory Branch, and performed intensive sampling of tidal inter-pier areas that were slated to be filled per the site development plan. The overall objective was to gather empirical site-specific data on the shallow water habitats in order to evaluate relative habitat quality and the subsequent need for mitigation. The study focused on determining seasonal variation and species-habitat associations for the fish and benthic macroinvertebrate communities. This information was used to evaluate habitat quality for resident and migratory aquatic species and to evaluate potential impacts of the project on aquatic resources.

Centredale Manor Restoration Project Superfund Site Human Health and Ecological Risk Assessment
North Providence, Rhode Island

Centredale Manor is located on the property of a former chemical manufacturer that produced hexachlorophene and received trichlorophenols. The mill complex was destroyed by fire in the late 1970s, and during later construction, 400 drums (containing caustics, halogenated solvents, PCBs )and 6,000 yards of soil were removed from the site. Elevated levels of dioxin were found in fish tissue and elevated levels of dioxin and PCBs were found in the sediment of the nearby Woonasquatucket River. This was a multi-faceted study that required community analyses of benthic macroinvertebrates, fish, emerging aquatic insects, ichthyoplankton, and soil earthworms, as well as tissue analysis of fish, earthworms, and emerging aquatic insects. Normandeau Associates was responsible for collecting community and tissue data from these biological communities, analyzing the community samples, and reporting on the impacts caused by the contaminants on the biological community.

Blackburn & Union Privileges Superfund Site
Walpole, Massachusetts

Normandeau Associates provided wetland services at this industrial facility in Walpole, Massachusetts, when EPA ordered an asbestos removal action. Normandeau Associates provided resource delineation, assessment and mitigation design. The wetland mitigation area was constructed, and Normandeau Associates installed trees, shrubs, seed mix, and bioengineering materials, and then monitored wetland development for five years. Normandeau Associates then provided field support for ecological risk-based remedial design for residual chemical contamination on and off the site. Normandeau Associates delineated offsite wetlands, assessed wetland functions and wildlife habitat, inventoried birds and aquatic macroinvertebrates, and identified potential receptor species and food chain relationships.

Chemsol Superfund Site
Piscataway, New Jersey

Normandeau Associates provided services for remediation of the 37-acre Chemsol Superfund Site in Piscataway, New Jersey, where soils, sediments, and groundwater were contaminated with heavy metals, PCBs and volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Normandeau Associates delineated wetlands and assisted in the preparation of wetland permit equivalency application materials for soil and groundwater remediation, and prepared mitigation design for wetlands excavated during contaminated soil remediation and wetlands filled for access road construction. In addition to preparing grading plans, planting plans, and construction sequencing and specifications, Normandeau Associates provided construction oversight during earthwork, tilling and planting, and attended site inspections and agency meetings. Normandeau Associates also prepared long-term wetland mitigation monitoring plans.

Commerce Street Wetland/Habitat Assessment and Superfund Technical Assessment
Williston, Vermont

Normandeau Associates identified wetlands and endangered species habitats associated with the Commerce Street plume project in Williston, Vermont. The wetland identification was based on vegetation and observations of indicators of hydrology. The wetlands were classified according to the Federal Wetlands Regulations and Classification System (USFWS) and the State of Vermont Wetland Rules. Normandeau Associates reviewed the area for suitable habitats for two state of Vermont threatened species, eastern sand darter (Ammocrypta pellucida), and eastern pearlshell (Margaritifera margaritifera). Additional review was conducted for triangle floater (Alasmidonta undulate), creek heelsplitter (Asmigona compressa), and squawfoot (Strophitus undulates) in response to agency comments.

Raritan Bay (NJ) Slag Superfund Site
Fish Collections for Heavy Metals in Fish Tissues

Normandeau Associates collected fish from a representative lists of target species (striped bass, bluefish, summer flounder, black sea bass, cunner and sea robin). The project was the first phase of a Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study for human health effects analysis of heavy metals leaching from a lead smelter slag used to construct a sea wall in place since the mid- 1960's. Normandeau's long experience in fisheries collections throughout the NJ/NY Harbor area provided the knowledge and expertise on how to collect the target species using a variety of sampling gear (bottom trawls, gill nets, fish box traps and fishing tackle). Fish samples were provided over a one-week period during the optimal period of residency and/or migration of target species through the study area.

Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)

Environmental Evaluation of Runway Light Installation at Laconia Municipal Airport, New Hampshire
Normandeau Associates evaluated the environmental effects of runway light installation at the City of Laconia's Municipal Airport. The relative value of on-site wetlands was determined, along with resiliency of surrounding ponds to potential water quality degradation. Based on these results, Normandeau Associates was able to advise the FAA on ways to minimize wetland and water quality impacts.

Trumbull Airport Master Plan, Groton, Connecticut
Normandeau Associates conducted environmental studies to determine impacts of the proposed runway expansions and installation of a 1400-foot approach lighting system on wetland, terrestrial and estuarine communities. As part of the Airport's Master Plan submitted to the FAA, Normandeau Associates developed solutions to minimize environmental impacts from construction and operation.

Tweed New Haven Airport Expansion Environmental Assessment, New Haven, Connecticut
Normandeau Associates evaluated environmental impacts of a proposed runway extension at Tweed Airport in New Haven, Connecticut. Normandeau Associates conducted studies that centered on wildlife and fisheries impacts from wetland encroachment, stream relocation, runway construction, aircraft noise, and approach light placement, as well as construction-related impacts to water quality. The results of these studies supported requirements for an FAA-compliant NEPA document and Connecticut wetland permits to allow the project to move forward.

Massachusetts Port Authority (Massport) Logan International Airport Bird Island Flats Expansion Environmental Assessment/Environmental Impact Report
Normandeau Associates investigated the environmental consequences of Logan Airport's expansion into Bird Island Flats. In compliance with FAA requirements of NEPA as well as the Massachusetts Environmental Policy Act (MEPA), Normandeau Associates staff evaluated design alternatives in terms of impacts to wetland and marine resources. Particular emphasis was placed on impacts from accidental aviation fuel and lubricant spills, along with impacts from anti-pollution systems installed to protect marine resources in adjacent Boston Harbor. The project was successfully completed.

Holman Field, Environmental Assessment for Airport Improvements, Minneapolis/St. Paul Metropolitan Airports Commission
Normandeau Associates prepared an environmental assessment for a proposed runway extension at the Minneapolis/St. Paul Metropolitan Airport. Project concerns included impacts to wetlands, vegetation, wildlife, fisheries, and threatened and endangered species, as well as impacts of proposed aircraft flight paths and noise levels on a large heron rookery located in the floodplain of the Mississippi River. Normandeau Associates staff conducted intensive field investigations and developed a mitigation plan to help resolve environmental issues.

Manchester Airport Access EIS Project, Bedford-Manchester-Londonderry, New Hampshire
Normandeau Associates prepared an EIS for proposed transportation improvements to the Manchester Airport and surrounding area in compliance with FAA requirements. Project concerns included wetlands, air quality, and wildlife habitat including endangered species, secondary socio-economic impacts, hazardous waste and noise. Nesting eagles were discovered in the corridor of the preferred alternative once the EIS was completed. Normandeau Associates prepared a supplemental EIS that included an eagle mitigation plan. The project was successfully completed.

Knox County Regional Airport Expansion Project, Owls Head, Maine
Normandeau Associates conducted a natural resources inventory and wetlands mitigation plan to fulfill state and Federal regulatory requirements for the Knox County Regional Airport Expansion project. A comprehensive mitigation plan composed of 89 acres of creation, restoration, and preservation was developed in a short time frame to meet the accelerated permitting schedule of the project. Normandeau Associates staff created wetland mitigation design plans, oversaw construction, and conducted monitoring to document successful completion of the project.

Logan International Airport Runway-End Safety Improvements
Normandeau Associates conducted softshell clam mitigation for the Massachusetts Port Authority (Massport) as part of its runway end-safety improvement permit requirements. Normandeau Associates staff worked with state regulators and Massport officials to select appropriate sites for the planting of softshell clams, in addition to providing oversight of clam relocation and post-relocation monitoring.

Manchester Airport Access Road - Eagle Conservation and Management Project, Bedford-Manchester-Londonderry, New Hampshire
NH Department of Transportation

Normandeau Associates developed and implemented eagle conservation and management plans as part of the Environmental Impact Statement for the Manchester Airport Access Road in New Hampshire. An intensive monitoring program documented eagle use along the project boundaries during project construction. Normandeau Associates staff also constructed an eagle nest to offer an alternative nesting site during access road construction.

Sitka Airport Runway Safety Area Environmental Impact Statement (EIS)
Alaska Department of Transportation

Improvements have been proposed for the runway safety area at Sitka Rocky Gutierrez Airport. The project involves the installation of an approach lighting system, extension of the parallel taxiway, relocation of the seaplane pullout, and repairs and improvements to the airport's seawall. The work will be performed in an ecologically sensitive area, required an EIS, and was of interest to a variety of stakeholders. Normandeau Associates was responsible for developing, coordinating, and implementing the public involvement strategies for the EIS. The process required outreach to federal, tribal, and state governments; local agencies; environmental, community, and neighborhood groups; and the general public. The extensive public involvement process included community meetings, focus groups, newsletter production, newspaper and legal advertising, and development of the project website.

Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

Nationwide FEMA Hurricane and Disaster Relief Assistance and Environmental Reviews
Normandeau Associates provided FEMA environmental support and review services for Hurricanes Sandy, Rita, Katrina, Ike, and Floyd. Relief efforts included assessment of impacts from federal public assistance grant proposals to protected natural resources and critical habitats, field surveys, environmental document review, biological assessments and consultations for Public Assistance Programs and Robert T. Stafford Act funding procedures as well as coordination with other federal agencies. Normandeau Associates staff has assisted with FEMA relief efforts in the following states:

  • Arkansas
  • Colorado
  • Florida
  • Hawaii
  • Louisiana
  • Massachusetts
  • Montana
  • Nebraska
  • New Jersey
  • New York
  • North Carolina
  • Texas

FEMA Region VII's Nebraska Floods Environmental Historic Preservation (EHP) Program
Developed support documentation to ensure agency's compliance with NEPA and reviews/approvals of related federal environmental statutes or executive orders (i.e., 40 CFR 1500-1508 and 44 CFR 10.8) for public assistance's (PA) Nebraska Floods proposals (DR-1924) per Robert T Stafford Disaster Relief Act (42 CFR 5121-5207). Normandeau Associates staff prepared environmental inventories, technical inter-agency memorandums, biological assessments and alternative analyses for inclusion into an environmental assessment that discussed complex bio-hydrological impacts from the reconstruction of water control facilities.

FEMA Region VIII's Montana Floods Environmental Historic Preservation (EHP) Program
Normandeau Associates staff administered environmental compliance procedures as part of Montana Floods (DR-1922) grant review process. Normandeau Associates staff were responsible for the development of environmental assessment documents for Public Assistance (PA) grant proposals to include the Chippewa-Cree Tribe of the Rocky Boy's Reservation's Relocation of the Na-toose Clinic, and Relocation of Flood-damaged Tribal Housing Authority's residences. Normandeau Associates staff also coordinated with federal agencies to develop biological assessments, wetland delineation reports, and document other human and environmental impacts.

Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)

5-year On Call Contract for Environmental Services
FHWA Office of Planning, Environment and Realty
Normandeau Associates is part of the project team selected to provide nationwide on call environmental and real estate services to the Federal Highway Administration. Under this five-year contract, Normandeau Associates is providing environmental consulting services related to wetlands, wildlife habitat, and other ecological resources, as well as water resources and public outreach. Recent projects completed include investigations of methods to identify and prioritize Deer-Vehicle Collision (DVC) locations of concern at sites located in CT, IA, MD, MN, NH, NY, OH, TX, and WI, as well as deer vehicle collisions and ecological impacts of roadside mowing. In addition, Normandeau Associates completed a review for performance indicators of wetland compensatory mitigation to include invasive species and wildlife usage of mitigation sites for project locations across eight states.

Executive Order # 44 - Deer Management Review
Wisconsin Governor Scott Walker issued an executive order (#44) to retain experts with recognized scientific credentials and demonstrated experience in the field of white-tailed deer management to review the State's deer management practices. Normandeau Associates assisted in the review as part of an extensive study of the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources' (WDNR) deer management program conducted by the Deer Trustee Committee. The Committee reviewed hundreds of documents, data, and other materials provided by the WDNR. In addition, meetings were held with the WDNR, stakeholder groups, the Great Lakes Indian Fish & Wildlife Commission that represented 11 Ojibwe tribes, other state agencies associated with natural resources, and six Town Hall meetings were conducted throughout Wisconsin to get input from the general public. Results of the Wisconsin deer management review were encapsulated into a final report which was presented to the Wisconsin Department of Administration with over 60 recommendations on how to potentially improve deer management in Wisconsin.

Ridgefield National Wildlife Refuge River 'S' Unit Access Project
Ridgefield, Washington
The Federal Highway Administration's (FHWA) Western Federal Lands Division is leading the process to develop access improvements to the River 'S' Unit at the Ridgefield National Wildlife Refuge. As part of this new effort, FHWA engaged in a public scoping process under the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). Normandeau Associates was responsible for all public involvement outreach and stakeholder functions including: project team coordination, meeting facilitation, note taking, and follow up; stakeholder identification (including key local, state, and federal agencies); coordination of stakeholder meetings including questionnaire development, interviews, and follow-up; coordination of public meetings including organization, set up, facilitation, promotion, note taking, and follow up; development of project newsletters, and coordination of materials and information on the FHWA's project website.

MassDOT Whittier Bridge Replacement/I-95 Improvement Project
Salisbury-Newburyport, Massachusetts
The Whittier Bridge project was named by FHWA as one of the 14 High Priority Infrastructure Projects nationwide to be expedited through the Federal permitting and review process, informally known as "We can't wait". Already the subject of intense scrutiny as part of the Massachusetts Accelerated Bridge program, the project had to meet a NEPA document and permit review timeline of six months. Normandeau Associates was responsible for several significant permitting elements, fisheries, wetlands, and endangered species, and was instrumental in helping the project successfully meet its deadlines. Special studies provided by Normandeau Associates included endangered species consultation with National Marine Fisheries Service(NMFS) regarding shortnose and Atlantic sturgeon, and a bridge shading analysis to assess the potential impact of the new bridge on salt marsh vegetation. Construction bidding process for the project commenced in 2013.

Maritime Administration (MARAD)

Maritime Administration (MARAD) National Defense Reserve Fleet Environmental Assessments
The Maritime Administration was required to dispose of all obsolete vessels at their three National Defense Reserve Fleet (NDRF) sites in Suisun Bay (CA), James River (VA), and Beaumont (TX). Normandeau Associates helped prepare a final Programmatic Environmental Assessment for this effort, which included analyzing the effects on benthic and fisheries resources for three disposal options: ship donation, use in artificial reef construction, and use of ships in U.S. Navy exercises. Normandeau Associates also assessed impacts to benthic communities and fish resources for a supplemental Environmental Assessment to assess impacts from in-water hull cleaning of the vessels in Suisun Bay.

Safe Harbor Energy Deepwater LNG Port
New York

Normandeau Associates was responsible for addressing issues related to marine resources for the preparation of the Safe Harbor Energy Deepwater Port application to the Maritimes Administration (MARAD) and the US Coast Guard, for the transfer, regasification, and sendout of liquefied natural gas. Located in New York Bight, the project was to consist of a constructed island; LNG receiving, storage, and regasification facilities; and a subsea pipeline. Primary environmental issues included loss of benthic habitat and associated resources; loss of fisheries habitat; loss of shellfish resources in the project footprint; loss of access to areas around the project to fishermen and the effects of displacement of this fishing effort on nearby resources; entrainment impacts on early lifestages of fish; and effects on marine mammals and sea turtles. Normandeau Associates also designed and conducted several surveys to characterize the benthic resources in the project area, including benthic grab sampling, shellfish sampling using a commercial dredger, and a video survey of the seafloor. Fisheries issues were addressed using existing data from several programs conducted by the National Marine Fisheries Service. Data were used to support a detailed Essential Fish Habitat assessment and to conduct Equivalent Adult modeling to address the effects of entrainment on key fish species.

National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

Species Assessments and Tissue Analysis for NASA, Merritt Island, Florida
Normandeau Associates conducted ecological work at the former Space Shuttle launch site in Merritt Island, Florida. Since the completion of the NASA space shuttle program, the U.S. government planned to turn two launch pads over to private space transport companies. Each launch pad is surrounded by brackish lagoons connected to the Atlantic Ocean and the Mosquito Lagoon-a famous fishing spot. Prior to transfer, NASA wanted to determine the toxicity levels in the lagoons, potentially caused by exhaust emitted during shuttle launches. Normandeau Associates determined toxicity levels within the lagoon food chains and conducted assessments of species present--benthic, fish, and amphibian--and the ecological interconnections among them.

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

Scarborough Marsh Restoration and Invasive Plant Removal, Scarborough, Maine
Normandeau Associates worked closely with NOAA's Restoration Center, Maine Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife, US Fish and Wildlife Service, US Army Corps of Engineers, and other trustees to develop a 3100-acre restoration plan in response to a Natural Resource Damage Assessment resulting from the Julie N oil spill in Portland Maine. Normandeau Associates developed a joint Feasibility Study and Environmental Assessment with the Army Corps of Engineers.

Visitor Use and Recreation Resource Management Planning- NOAA Coastal Services Center
Normandeau Associates designed materials and facilitated workshops at four National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) sites in Florida and Maine. Prior to the workshops, Normandeau staff collected data about visitor use, resources, and related impacts at each of the pilot sites and used this to create and design a Rapid Recreation Assessment model-a tool that resource managers can use to predict where management actions are needed. Normandeau Associates also provided pilot sites with an overview of each site's visitor use and the resulting impacts, method for prioritizing visitor use management, strategies for monitoring visitor use, and strategies for managing visitor use and associated impacts.

Freshwater Mussel and Fish Surveys in the Delaware River for the Joint Toll Bridge Commission, New Jersey
Normandeau Associates led the characterization of freshwater mussel and fish communities in the Delaware River near the Scudder Falls (I-95) Bridge in response to improvements proposed by the Delaware River Joint Toll Bridge Commission. Scudder Falls is located within the spawning grounds of the federal and state listed shortnose and Atlantic sturgeon. Normandeau Associates initiated a formal consultation with NOAA's Protected Resources Division pursuant to Section 7 of the Endangered Species Act and prepared a Biological Assessment (BA) of potential impacts for agency review.

Cowlitz Wahkiakum Council of Governments State Route 432 Rail and Highway Improvement Project, Longview, Washington
Increased freight and traffic congestion stemming from completion of the Columbia River Channel Deepening project led the Cowlitz Wahkiakum Council of Governments to begin the process for rail and highway system improvements along the industrial corridor of Longview, Washington. Normandeau Associates conducted biological resource investigations and documentation in support of compliance under NEPA, ESA, and the Clean Water Act, SEPA, and local Critical Area Ordinances. During the ESA process, Normandeau Associates conducted a formal consultation with NOAA Fisheries and the US Fish and Wildlife Service, and completed a Wetland Inventory and Conceptual Mitigation Plan. Documentation included the preparation of a Biological Assessment, as well as an Essential Fish Habitat analysis for salmonids within the project site. Normandeau Associates also prepared a Biological Report that identified potential impacts to priority plant, fish and wildlife habitat and species. Additionally, Normandeau Associates conducted all public outreach, stakeholder engagement, and media and government relations.

National Park Service

Assessment of Invertebrate Populations for the National Park Service
Cumberland Island National Seashore and Kings Bay, Georgia

Expansion of U.S. Navy facilities at Kings Bay, GA included dredging the ship channel through the inlet in order to accommodate Trident submarines. The National Park Service expressed concerns that construction activity may affect the marine fauna of the Cumberland Sound due to an increase in sedimentation, erosion, and turbidity. Normandeau staff developed and conducted a study designed to determine if dredging activities would impact bivalve populations. The study plan involved two experimental approaches that resulted in the collection of current and historical data. Transplant experiments using the hard clam Mercenaria mercenaria were performed, and clam growth, mortality, recruitment, and metabolic state (measured by molar concentrations of oxygen respired to ammonia excreted) were monitored. Normandeau staff compared age-growth among hard clam populations using internal summer growth bands as an annual marker. Normandeau staff also compared size-age curves and spacing of internal growth bands to compare growth rates from a variety of habitats.

Phase I ESAs for National Park Service Land Acquisitions

Normandeau Associates staff has conducted over 300 Phase I Environmental Site Assessments (Phase I ESAs) nationwide for the National Park Service (NPS). The Phase I ESAs were conducted to support NPS and Department of Interior (DOI) goals in accordance with the Comprehensive Environmental Response Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) to reduce liability at properties proposed to be acquired by the NPS, and to determine whether or not hazardous waste sites or contamination exist prior to land purchases and transactions. Normandeau conducted the Phase I ESAs in accordance with standards of the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), which included interviews with current owners of each property, reviews of historical use of each property, site reconnaissance when applicable, and the development of Phase I ESA reports with findings, conclusions, and recommendations for additional investigations as necessary.

Modeling Instream Habitat and Water Temperature Regimes in Marsh Creek for the National Park Service
Gettysburg, Pennsylvania

Marsh Creek, one of two permanent streams flowing through the Eisenhower National Historic Site (EISE) faced years of significant impacts from human development and disturbance of the upper watershed. A permit granted to the Gettysburg Municipal Authority (GMA) to withdraw surface water just upstream from the EISE boundary and augment withdrawals with well water increased the potential for additional impacts to the creek; along with the proximity of withdrawal activities (adjacent and just upstream of EISE), and the short length of the stream within the park boundary. To address the ecological concerns of the National Park Service, Normandeau Associates monitored instream flow and water temperatures of the stream. Normandeau staff developed a detailed study map of instream habitat units, sampled the fish community, and developed a physical habitat model of the stream. Normandeau also integrated physical habitat and water temperature results to determine how water withdrawal activities would affect the ecological integrity of the stream. The results identified sensitive ecological components in need of continued monitoring and areas in need of mitigation.

Wekiva Wild and Scenic River Management Plan
U.S. National Park Service and Friends of the Wekiva River, Inc.

Normandeau Associates staff helped develop a comprehensive natural resources management plan for the Wekiva River Basin, which includes over 70,000 acres of state-protected lands located in Seminole, Orange, and Lake Counties, Florida. This river system is a part of the National Wild and Scenic Rivers System Partnership, managed through multiple stakeholders and the National Park Service. The plan was a multi-stakeholder effort that included federal, state, and local agencies, along with local interest groups and the public. The plan included management goals, objectives, and five outstanding resource values strategies, identified for the Wekiva River. The plan also included a comprehensive section on education, outreach, and social marketing programs to encourage human behavior changes that would ultimately help protect the river and its surrounding natural resources. Normandeau staff also facilitated a public hearing for the draft goals and objectives, and managed various agency meetings.

Hydroelectric Relicensing Project for the Potomac River Historic Dams 4 & 5
Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park

Normandeau assisted Allegheny Energy with two hydroelectric relicensing projects located at Historic Dams No. 4 & 5, owned by the National Park Service. Normandeau staff developed study plans and performed environmental studies to include the assessment and evaluation of dissolved oxygen (DO) and water temperature hydroelectric station tailraces of both dams, relative to hydrologic and operational factors, and to evaluate the need for future water quality monitoring. Normandeau summarized the data and evaluated local conditions relative to state standards to facilitate Section 401 permitting. Following additional field and desktop studies, Normandeau assisted with preparation of the license application, and provided further consulting on the resolution of upstream and downstream American eel passage issues as part of reaching a successful Settlement Agreement.

Aquatic Surveys and Mapping for the Potomac River Historic Dams 4 & 5 Project
Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park

Normandeau developed a geographic information system (GIS) of aquatic habitat features for a 31-mile reach of the Potomac River within the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historic Park for the U.S. National Park Service and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in cooperation with Allegheny Energy. The project supported restoration efforts of historic habitat of the American eel and included results of freshwater mussel surveys. Normandeau field staff surveyed the river and plotted aquatic habitat features on base maps that were prepared using existing GIS data and digital aerial photography. Normandeau Associates digitized the field-mapped features, converted them into additional GIS coverages, and then analyzed and prepared summary reports and maps for the project. The Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historic Park is located in the District of Columbia, Maryland and West Virginia.

Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure (SPCC) Plans for the National Park Service

Normandeau Associates provided third-party review and Engineering Certifications for Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure (SPCCs) Plans at 27 National Park Service facilities nationwide. The Clean Water Act requires SPCC Plans for facilities with aboveground oil storage capacity greater than 1,320 gallons. Normandeau staff prepared SPCC plans for large facilities National Recreation Areas, National Military Parks, National Historic Sites and National Seashores to which include:

  • Big South Fork National River & Recreation Area, Kentucky and Tennessee
  • Cape Lookout National Seashore, North Carolina
  • Chickamauga & Chattanooga National Military Park, Georgia and Tennessee
  • Dry Tortugas National Park, Florida
  • Everglades National Park, Florida
  • Fire Island National Seashore, New York
  • Fort Donelson National Battlefield, Tennessee
  • Great Smoky Mountain National Park, North Carolina and Tennessee
  • Gulf Island National Seashore, Gulf of Mexico
  • Kings Mountain National Military Park, South Carolina
  • Mammoth Cave National Park, Kentucky
  • Morristown National Historic Park, New Jersey
  • Outer Banks National Park Service Facilities, North Carolina
  • Roosevelt-Vanderbilt National Sites, New York
  • Vicksburg National Military Park, Mississippi
  • Virgin Islands National Park
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

Multi-Year IDIQ Services for Fisheries, Biological and Environmental Services for the Walla Walla and Portland Districts
Washington and Oregon

For over 15 years as a small business under NAICS 541712, Normandeau Associates has managed this multi-year IDIQ that covers evaluations of hydropower facilities on the Columbia and Snake rivers, and includes both freshwater and marine environments. Technical components include: water quality, recreation, socio-economics, reservoir ecology, statistical studies, fisheries passage and protective/ mitigation, fish behavior and stress, and habitat restoration. Normandeau Associates has provided a variety of environmental services related to dam removal and stream habitat restoration. Specific investigations and consultations have included quantification of fish survival through turbines, bypasses, and spillways; development of "fish friendlier" turbines; technology to track fish behavior and movement in three dimensions; fish population dynamics (e.g., CRiSP and PATH models); gas supersaturation abatement at spillways; and alternative analysis relative to potential effects of dam removal or breaching on fish and water quality.

Comprehensive Watershed Assessment in Merrimack River Basin for the New England District
Massachusetts/New Hampshire

Normandeau Associates is part of a project team conducting the Merrimack River Watershed Assessment, an extensive study being used to develop a Watershed Management Plan for the Merrimack River Basin. Field investigations are being conducted to evaluate water quality on the main stem and tributaries of the Lower and Upper Merrimack River and Pemigewasset River Basins to determine impacts from various pollutant sources including surface runoff, combined sewer outfalls, storm drains, and tributaries. Tasks conducted during Phase I included the completion of three dry-weather and three wet-weather water quality sampling events using up to seven field teams at approximately 30 main stem sampling locations and 11 tributary locations. The field investigation also included a series of five flow measurements at 12 main stem and tributary staff gage locations and development of rating curves to be used to determine surface water flow during sampling events. In addition, Normandeau Associates completed a continuous dissolved oxygen and temperature study at two main stem locations using in-situ monitoring probes that were maintained and downloaded on a weekly basis. Normandeau Associates also prepared a section of the final report of the Merrimack River Watershed Assessment Study pertaining to the evaluation of ecological restoration opportunities. Phase II tasks included field reconnaissance to confirm and finalize sampling locations and accessibility, verify wastewater treatment facility outfall discharge points into the main stem, and determine where complete lateral mixing was achieved. Continuous reading water quality monitoring probes were installed at 15 stations. Water quality monitoring probes were installed upstream and downstream of six impoundments. The monitoring probes were programmed to measure dissolved oxygen, pH, conductivity, and water depth continuously at a 15-minute interval over a period of two months. Two low-flow and one high-flow water quality sampling events were conducted utilizing eight teams to collecting diurnal water quality samples from a total of 72 sampling stations including 54 mainstem and 18 tributary stations.

Albeni Falls Dam Survivability Study for the Seattle District

Normandeau Associates used its patented HI-Z Turb N'Tag technology and rainbow trout as a surrogate species to determine the effects of downstream passage through the Albeni Falls Dam spillway and turbine on bull trout. Normandeau Associates designed and installed spillway and turbine induction systems. Over 1100 fish were released in two size groups to represent adult and sub-adult bull trout and quantified injuries associated with spillway and turbine passage. Forty-Eight-Hour survival estimates were conducted to evaluate immediate and delayed mortality associated with fish passage.

Boston Harbor Improvement Project for the New England District

Normandeau Associates, as part of the project team, provided environmental consulting services in support of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, New England District's drilling, blasting, and dredging operation to enhance navigation, vessel safety, and marine protection on the navigable waters of Boston Inner Harbor in the main ship channel near Castle Island. Consistent with the Environmental Protection Plan of the Boston Harbor Rock Removal project, a fish, sea turtle and marine mammal observer was present during all blasting and rock removal work. Over the course of the blast monitoring, in which 4600 pounds of explosives was used, no sea turtles or marine mammals were observed and fish losses were minimal.

Military Ocean Terminal Sunny Point, for the Wilmington District
North Carolina

The Wilmington District of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers required chemical testing of terminal sediment prior to maintenance dredging at the Military Ocean Terminal Sunny Point. Normandeau Associates collected sediment samples from ten sample locations to (-) 40-feet mlw in the vicinity of the terminal. Samples were analyzed according to USACE's Scope of Work and standard protocol for dredge spoils sediment characterization. A clamshell sediment grab, Ponar® was used to collect all sediment samples.

Side-Scan Sonar Surveys of the Ohio River for the Pittsburgh and Huntington Districts
Ohio and West Virginia

Normandeau Associates completed side-scan sonar surveys of 330 miles of the Ohio River from East Liverpool to Gallipolis, Ohio and the entire navigable Kanawha River in West Virginia. This work supported the Pittsburgh and Huntington Districts, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers in their efforts to study the effects of navigation traffic on fisheries habitat, as part of the Ohio River Mainstem System Study. Normandeau Associates performed bank-to-bank surveys of river bottom conditions in the entire 330 miles of these rivers. A ground-truthing study, which included grab samples and an underwater video drop-camera, was also performed. Normandeau Associates interpreted and delineated substrate composition throughout the study area. Using a combination of image processing, CADD, and GIS software, Normandeau Associates converted sonar data into a GIS polygon coverage utilizing the following substrate classification system: silt, fine sand, medium sand, very coarse sand, small to large gravel, cobble, and large cobble. The Corps in their hydraulic and fisheries habitat modeling efforts used the coverage. In addition, Normandeau Associates obtained side-scan sonar images in the tailwaters of the R.C. Byrd Dam and the Greenup Dam to create GIS coverage of substrate types for use in habitat modeling to determine the relative habitat value of the two tailwaters, and conducted side-scan sonar and bathymetric surveys of 23 miles of the Greenup Pool.

Horseshoe Road Superfund Site Sediment Sampling in the Raritan River for the Kansas City District
New Jersey

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Kansas City District required sediment sampling in the Raritan River at the Superfund section of Operable Unit 3 of the Horseshoe Road and Atlantic Resources Corporation sites. Normandeau Associates conducted sediment sampling in two stages that included vibracore sampling for the first phase at seventeen (17) locations and additional vibracore sampling for the second phase at fifty-six (56) locations and ten (10) contingency locations to include turbidity testing. Upon completion of the water-based sampling, Normandeau Associates assisted with alternate sediment sampling in the wetland area adjacent to the river. Normandeau Associates continued to collect additional vibracore samples from the Raritan River to fill in data gaps for add-on phases of the project.

Adult Fish Counting Services at Eight Mainstem Dams on the Columbia and Snake Rivers for the Walla Walla and Portland Districts
Washington and Oregon

Normandeau Associates coordinated and supervised upstream adult fish counting activities at Portland and Walla Walla District Corps hydroelectric projects on the mainstem of the Snake and Columbia rivers. The project involved identification and enumeration of upstream migrating fish passing through 14 fish ladders located at the eight dams. Fish passage at each of the fish ladders was directly observed 16 hours per day, seven days per week, for a seven-month period annually. In addition to visual counts, a variable amount of fish passage was reviewed and enumerated using video recording.

Inland Avian Predation Management Plan and NEPA Environmental Assessment for the Walla Walla and Portland Districts
Washington and Oregon

The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers in partnership with other federal and state agencies developed an avian management plan to address predation on salmonid smolts in the Snake and upper Columbia rivers. Normandeau Associates, under an IDIQ task order with the District, was responsible for preparing the inland avian predator management plan, an EA under NEPA, a biological assessment under ESA, and managing the overall NEPA process in conjunction with USACE staff.

Detroit Dam Studies in the Santiam River for the Portland District

Normandeau Associates conducted three separate direct injury and survival studies on juvenile salmonids (hatchery rainbow trout) at Detroit Dam and measured spillway survival, turbine, and regulating outlet (RO) survival. Normandeau's HI-Z Turb'N Tag® methodology was used to release and recapture test and control fish to obtain direct injury and survival estimates. The study involved 1,220 test fish for a variety of testing protocols. Additionally, 430 control fish were released directly below each facility to obtain statistically agreed upon results. The studies, conducted over a six-month period through three separate deployments, provided key information for the District to address issues, needs and information relative to a 2008 Biological Opinion (BiOp) issued for the Willamette Valley Project.

Cougar Dam Studies in the McKenzie River for the Portland District

Normandeau Associates conducted direct injury and survival studies on juvenile salmonids (hatchery spring Chinook salmon) at Cougar Dam using Normandeau's HI-Z Turb'N Tag® methodology. The two-year study used 319 test fish to assess a regulating outlet (RO) under two different gate openings as well as 379 test fish that were released and recaptured through Francis turbine number 2 testing three separate treatments of wicket gate openings. Additionally, 168 control fish were released directly below each facility to obtain statistically agreed upon results. The studies provided key information for the District to address issues, needs and information relative to a 2008 Biological Opinion (BiOp) issued for the Willamette Valley Project.

Instream Flow/Incremental Methodology (IFIM) and Habitat Mapping of the Amoskeag, Hooksett and Garvins Falls Developments for the New England District
New Hampshire

As part of the FERC relicensing for the Merrimack River Project, Normandeau Associates conducted meso-habitat scale mapping in the bypasses at all three developments, and additional micro-habitat scale evaluations in the bypass reach of the Amoskeag Development. Normandeau Associates also conducted an IFIM flow study as requested by the agencies, in the Amoskeag Bypass reach, the largest of the three developments, encompassing 18 acres of potential in-stream habitat.

Annual Review of the Anadromous Fish Evaluation Program for the Northwestern Division

Since 1952, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Northwestern Division, sponsored biological studies concerning anadromous fish passage on the lower Snake and Columbia rivers. Each year, a forum is held for funded researchers to present current year study results to the region. Normandeau Associates worked with the Corps to manage and coordinate the forum. Tasks included development of the forum website; outreach to all forum presenters soliciting their presentations and abstracts; coordination of presentation material; coordination of all registrations; design and development of the event program to include all abstracts; development of all forum materials including daily agenda and signage; staffing at the event; and electronic compilation of a final event record.

Preparation of the Draft and Final ESA Federal Columbia River Power System Progress Reports for the Walla Walla District

In May 2008, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Fisheries issued a Biological Opinion (BiOp) on the operation of 14 of the hydroelectric projects that make up the Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS). This BiOp addressed FCRPS impacts on salmon and multi-agency/tribal efforts to improve salmon survival. As part of this process, the project team was responsible for providing annual progress reports detailing the implementation and progress of the improvements. Normandeau Associates coordinated the process for developing the reports that included reviewing and editing by the various agencies through several draft stages, coordinating questions and issues, documenting formatting, and delivering the final report, to include a reader-friendly summary report.

U.S. Coast Guard

United States Coast Guard Academy Eagle Pier Replacement
New London, CT

Normandeau Associates prepared federal and state permit applications for a new pier at the U.S. Coast Guard Academy in New London, CT. Normandeau staff conducted natural resources surveys in the project area to include wetlands, fisheries and benthos, as well as sediment testing. Normandeau coordinated with the US Army Corps of Engineers to determine sediment testing for disposal options. Normandeau also prepared a dredge disposal alternatives analysis, and successfully secured permits for offshore disposal at the Central Long Island Disposal Site.

Safe Harbor Energy LNG Deepwater Port
New York Bight, NY

In preparation for the Coast Guard/MARAD application of the Safe Harbor Energy LNG Deepwater Port project, Normandeau Associates addressed issues related to marine resources. Normandeau staff characterized marine resources in the project area and provided impact assessments related to the construction and operation of the project.

United States Coast Guard Environmental Sampling Services
Baltimore, Maryland

Normandeau Associates provided environmental sampling support at a U.S. Coast Guard facility in Baltimore, Maryland. Normandeau staff collected water and submerged sediment samples. Normandeau also provided water depth survey in areas scheduled for maintenance dredging.

Sediment Sampling for the United States Coast Guard Arundel Cove and Site 9 Sites
Baltimore, Maryland

Normandeau Associates, as part of the project team, assisted the United States Coast Guard (USCG) in implementing a Remedial Investigation of the Arundel Cove and Site 9 locations in support of a Phase II environmental investigation. Normandeau staff conducted sediment sample collection, sample processing, IDW containerization, and demobilization.

Dredge Disposal Vibracore and Sediment Grab Sampling
Portland, Maine

Normandeau Associates conducted Vibracore sampling for the United States Coast Guard Portsmouth Station. Normandeau staff collected sediment grab samples and suface water samples from a dredge disposal site located 10 miles offshore from Portland, Maine in support of toxicology testing.

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Beaver River Entrainment and Survival Investigations, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the Pennsylvania Fish and Boat Commission
Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania

Normandeau Associates worked closely with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) and the Pennsylvania Fish and Boat Commission (PFBC) to design and conduct fish entrainment and survival investigations for the Beaver Falls Municipal Authority. Data from the studies were used in further consultation with USFWS and the PFBC to produce suitable fish protection measures at the project site.

Test and Application of Hydropower Site Assessment Form for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Region V
New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Vermont, and Maine

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) developed a field evaluation document for assessing impacts of small-scale hydropower projects on various facets of surrounding environments such as water quality and habitat values. Normandeau Associates assisted the USFWS in testing the applicability of the document at 44 sites in throughout New England, and provided recommendations for improvement.

Coneross Hydropower Project, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and South Carolina Marine and Wildlife Resources Department
Coneross Creek, South Carolina

Normandeau Associates worked closely with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) and the South Carolina Marine and Wildlife Resources Department to address FERC relicensing issues with instream flows at the Coneross Hydropower Project. Normandeau Associates provided technical expertise to establish an acceptable flow for the bypass reach of the project, and provided data to address fish usage and passage issues.

Port of Ridgefield Rail Overpass Project, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the Port of Ridgefield
Vancouver, Washington

In support of a jointly led project by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the Port of Ridgefield, Normandeau Associates provided environmental consulting and public outreach services for the development of a new overpass to the waterfront and port area that would span the BNSF Railway mainline, and support a bridge replacement into the adjacent Ridgefield National Wildlife Refuge. Normandeau Associates was responsible for all public involvement activities and environmental compliance under NEPA and ESA. Over a dozen preliminary alternatives were developed and screened to select a single build alternative. Normandeau Associates also conducted natural resources studies and developed a Biological Assessment and documentation of biology/wetland resources, water resources, land use, socio-economic and environmental justice, and visual quality analysis for the project team.

Lake Bomoseen Drawdown Project, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and Vermont Department of Fish and Wildlife
Castleton and Hubbardton, Vermont

Normandeau Associates studied the effects on wildlife of Lake Bomoseen water level drawdown as part of an effort to control the spread of Eurasian milfoil. Working closely with Vermont Department of Fish and Wildlife using the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) Habitat Evaluation Procedures (HEP) the Vermont Department of Environmental Conservation published results of the studies along with studies of effects on water quality and aquatic vegetation.

Indiana Bat Surveys at Proposed Bell Bend Nuclear Power Plant
Berwick, Pennsylvania

Normandeau Associates conducted Indiana bat surveys at the request of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife for the proposed Bell Bend Nuclear Power Plant, due to the presence of known bat hibernaculum within 5 miles of the site and potential impacts to the surrounding forest during construction.

Shenandoah River Eel Studies, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and Allegheny Power Service Corporation
Shenandoah, Virginia

Normandeau Associates investigated upstream and downstream passage of silver American eel at five Shenandoah River hydropower stations as part of a Settlement Agreement process with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and Allegheny Power Service Corporation. Normandeau Associates investigated downstream passage of eels potentially affected by temperature, lunar phase, river flow, and plant operation. Results of the investigations allowed Normandeau Associates to develop improved operating procedures at four of the five plants, to protect downstream migrating eels. Normandeau Associates provided additional consulting services during cooperative field studies conducted by EPRI and West Virginia University that led to initial eelway installation and operation at two dams along the river.

U.S. Forest Service

US Forest Service Green Mountain National Forest Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS)
West Dover, Vermont

As a third party contractor for the U.S. Forest Service Green Mountain National Forest, Normandeau Associates helped prepare the Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS) for the permitting of a new snowmaking water source and expanded snowmaking capabilities at the Mount Snow Ski Resort. Project alternatives included consideration of water withdrawal from two existing reservoirs and conveyance by pipeline to the ski-resort area, as well as construction of a new reservoir closer the resort, with intake from the North Branch of the Deerfield River. Normandeau staff conducted baseline studies of project site wetlands and floodplains, soils and geology, and plant and vertebrate resources including rare species and unusual habitats, to compare the impacts of each proposed alternative. As part of the DEIS, Normandeau Associates prepared a Biological Assessment/Biological Evaluation of the possible effects of the project on federally listed Region 9 Sensitive Species, and others.

Communications Cable Project through the White Mountain National Forest
New Hampshire

Normandeau Associates conducted ecological surveys along a proposed 23-mile communications cable route, of which 17 miles were to pass through the White Mountain National Forest. The proposed route passed through several management areas with a broad spectrum of objectives, ranging in prescribed uses from the intensive (e.g. roadside shoulders, timber management and alpine ski recreation) to the extensive (e.g. semi-primitive recreation, protection of unique scientific and scenic areas) (USFS 1986). The project area occupied a right-of-way corridor of permanently and continuously disturbed habitat that threaded between all management areas. Located within the Saco and Androscoggin River Watersheds, the proposed project crossed several perennial and intermittent streams. Normandeau Associates also prepared an Environmental Assessment and a NH Dredge and Fill permit application and helped prepare impact area sheets with plan views, cross sections, photographs, and impact summaries, as well as a summary wetland report. The proposed project satisfied the observed and projected increase in demand for reliable, cost-effective telecommunications service around Gorham, NH and points north, and sought to reduce communication risk issues in the northern New Hampshire communication network.

US Forest Service Green Mountain National Forest Environmental Assessment (EA) for Recreational Trail Widening Project
West Dover, Vermont

Normandeau Associates helped prepare an Environmental Assessment for trail widening and for the permitting of a mountain biking operation on existing ski trails in a potential habitat area for Bicknell's Thrush. Normandeau staff conducted baseline studies on soils, wetlands and water resources, as well as plant and vertebrate resources, with a focus on Bicknell's Thrush. It was determined that a portion of the proposed bike trail located on the edge of Mount Snow's Special Use Permit was not a viable option due to the proximity to high quality black bear habitat.

Vegetation Management Plan
Jay, New Hampshire

Normandeau Associates prepared a Vegetation Management Plan (VMP) for the Waterville Valley Ski Resort to address wildlife management units and habitat designations specified by the US Forest Service in the White Mountain Land and Resource Management Plan. Normandeau staff coordinated with U.S. Forest Service personnel, conducted field surveys to document existing conditions and rare species (Bicknell's Thrush), documented habitat management recommendations for existing ski area facilities, and provided guidelines for the development of new facilities.

Green Mountain National Forest Expanded Snowmaking Environmental Assessment (EA)
West Dover, Vermont

Normandeau Associates prepared an Environmental Assessment for expanded snowmaking capabilities on Mount Snow's existing ski trails located within the Special Use Permit boundary. The assessment focused primarily on potential impacts from snowmaking pipelines, additional snow load on existing trails and the avoidance of a small on-mountain snowmaking pond to enhance downstream aquatic habitat. Normandeau staff conducted studies that included wetlands, water resources, and plant and vertebrate resources, including rare species and high quality habitats.

U.S. Navy

Casco Bay Fuel Line Removal Permitting for the U.S. Navy, Harpswell and Brunswick Maine
To support the U.S. Navy removal of the Casco Bay Fuel Line, formerly used to supply the Brunswick Naval Air Station, Normandeau Associates prepared federal (US Army Corps of Engineers 404) and state (Maine Natural Resource Protection Act) permit applications. Normandeau Associates completed a comprehensive natural resource survey along the 8-mile pipeline, which included wetland delineation and functional assessment, vernal pool mapping, rare plant survey, and wildlife assessment. A critical element was the balancing of the impacts to natural resources from removing the pipeline vs. the human health risks of leaving the asbestos-covered pipeline in place. Normandeau Associates coordinated with natural resource agencies to expedite permit processing which resulted in a successful permit.

U.S. Naval Warfare Center Training on National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Policies
Normandeau Associates developed and delivered a training program on NEPA policies to address specific Naval Undersea Warfare Center (NUWC) requirements. The training program included weapons development personnel, environmental development staff, and NUWC program managers. The Naval Undersea Warfare Center in Newport, Rhode Island is primarily a torpedo research, development, and testing facility.

Northern Division Naval Facility Sediment Sampling and Analysis, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Normandeau Associates was responsible for sampling and analyzing sediments according to the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection protocol for dredge spoils sediment characterization. Normandeau Associates conducted sampling in support of dredging and dredge spoils removal for the Philadelphia Naval Base Fire Boat House which included sediments, water, and elutriate analyses.

Commonwealth of PA Bald Eagle Consulting, Philadelphia Navy Yard (PNY)
Normandeau Associates conducted bald eagle monitoring at the Philadelphia Navy Yard (PNY) located at the confluence of the tidal Schuylkill River with the Delaware River in southeastern Pennsylvania. The eagles were monitored near an abandoned base housing project that was slated for demolition as part of a large industrial development project. Normandeau Associates staff worked with the PA Game Commission and US Fish and Wildlife Service to determine regulatory jurisdiction, propose protective measures and mitigation strategies for the eagles and their habitat.

Essential Fish Habitat Analysis for the U.S. Naval Weapons Station, South Carolina
An Environmental Assessment (EA) was prepared to determine the impacts to a nine-acre wetland area according to NEPA regulations. Normandeau Associates prepared a part of the EA that included an Essential Fish Habitat (EFH) analysis to assess the impacts on fish habitat of construction in the wetlands area. NOAA EFH regulations and the Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation Act require federal agencies to make a determination whether proposed actions may adversely affect EFH for any federally managed species. The EFH addressed potential impacts from complete loss of the wetlands (which had the potential provide habitat for the managed species or habitat for food sources for the managed species), a direct impact, or potential degradation caused by the construction, an indirect impact.

Navy CLEAN Program Survey Services, North Carolina
Normandeau Associates conducted taxonomic identification down to the genus/species level of estuarine and freshwater benthic Macroinvertebrates as part of the effort regulated by the Navy CLEAN program (Naval Facilities Engineering Command, Atlantic Division-LANTDIV). The benthic surveys encompassed sediment sampling from 27 stations located within the New River Estuary and several stations within the White Oak River Estuary in North Carolina. Normandeau Associates staff used identification techniques that included slide mounting of Chironomids and Oligochaetes.

Fisheries Studies for Naval Station (NAVSTA) McAllister Point Superfund Site, Newport, Rhode Island
The McAllister Point Landfill located in the central portion of the NAVSTA Newport facility, and situated between the Defense Highway and Narragansett Bay, was listed on the EPAs National Priority List (NPL). Normandeau Associates conducted ichthyoplankton and fisheries sampling in Narragansett Bay for the U.S. Navy to evaluate winter flounder spawning habitat as part of the rehabilitation of the landfill site. Normandeau Associates conducted biological laboratory analyses of samples collected and used the data to help the Navy determine the value of winter flounder spawning habitat, and provided input to rehabilitation options for the landfill. Normandeau Associates also conducted monitoring of a remnant eelgrass bed and artificial reefs constructed as part of the mitigation.

Portsmouth U.S. Naval Shipyard Dredging and Berthing Expansion EIS, Portsmouth, New Hampshire
Normandeau Associates prepared a candidate Environmental Impact Statement for a proposed dredging program at the Portsmouth U.S. Naval Shipyard. Studies focused on anticipated impacts from dredging in the Piscataqua River and spoil disposal at several upland, estuarine and open ocean locations. Marine biological, sedimentological, chemical, bacteriological and hydrographic sampling programs were conducted at the dredging site and at candidate spoil disposal locations. Dispersion patterns for the sediments suspended by the dredging operation were predicted for the entire Great Bay Estuary System, using hydrodynamic (tidal current flow) and dispersion models. Lobster populations in and around the berthing areas were also extensively surveyed.